Tenses are an integral part of the English language and grammar. Tenses not only help us identify the essence of a situation but also indicate the 'When' question stating if the incident/ situation spoken about happened in the near past, present or future.
At primary level at schools, we have always learnt about tenses! However, to remember them all today is quite grim! So here's a rejuvenating journey, a fresh glimpse at the 12 Tenses in the English language! You need not fret or worry, just a quick, concentrated glance and you will be through!
English language basically comprises of 12 Tenses in Active Voice! Given below are a brief summary of each tense that one should know to ace that interview or even the English language!
- Present signifies the Existing or Current situation. Something that still exists or is being done! It is symbolized by the use of the words 'I do', 'he/she does' & 'they do'. This is the simple Present tense.
- Next we have is Present Continuous Tense. This is indicated by the use of the words 'I am doing' & 'he/she is doing' & 'they are doing'. The 'doing' can be replaced by any other verb as per the requirement.
- Then we get the Present Perfect Tense. It includes the phrase 'I have done', 'he/she has done' & 'they have done'.
- Next follows is the Present Continuous Test that is distinguished by the use of the phrase 'I have been doing', 'He/she has been doing' & 'they have been doing'.
- Past synonymizes preceding, previous or bygone. It indicates a happening or a situation/incident that already happened before. Simple Past Tense is indicated by the use of words like 'I did', 'he/she did' & 'they/we did'.
- Past Continuous Tense is a sub-tense of the Past tense that is eminent by the use of 'I was doing', 'he/she was doing' & 'they/we were doing'.
- Past Perfect Tense includes the use of the words 'I had done', 'he/she had done' & 'they/we have done'.
- Past Perfect Continuous Tense includes the use of phrase 'I had been doing', 'He/she had been doing' & 'they/we have been doing'.
- Future epitomizes that is yet to come, upcoming or impending. It directs an incident, situation or happening that has yet to come or occur. Simple Future Tense is indicative with the use of words like 'I will do', 'he/she will do' & 'they/we will do'.
- Future Continuous Tense is classified by the use of words 'I will be doing', 'He/She will be doing' & 'they/we will be doing' proceeding before the subordinate sentence.
- Future Perfect Tense is signified by the precedence of the phrase 'I will have done', 'he/she will have done' & 'they/we will have done'.
- Future Perfect Continuous Tense comprises of the context 'I will have been doing', 'he/she will be doing' & 'they/we will be doing'.
So now that you know it all about the 12 major tenses, it's hard to go wrong at that important interview or meeting! With stellar language skills you are now all set to sway people everywhere you go!